The fruits of vengeance and mercy

Vengeance dominates the tide of social media these days. Sometimes it comes in the form of mob justice descending upon the perpetrator of a crime inadequately punished, and other times as smaller and subtler smears against those who have wronged or offended us.

The desire for revenge is rooted deep in us. We want those who hurt us to hurt, those who shamed us to be shamed. Whether we inflict the retaliatory attacks ourselves or by inciting others, the root of that thirst is one and the same. Sometimes we confuse the desire for revenge with the desire for justice, and certainly there seems to be an overlap. But if we’re honest with ourselves, we know that at some point the streams diverge. Justice ends (ideally) in some kind of restoration, whereas unabated revenge ends in destruction.

But too often missing from the dialogue is Mercy. Where vengeance seeks to destroy, mercy seeks to redeem. There’s no doubt that mercy presents itself as a heavy demand on the one who has been wronged. Anyone who claims it is easy does not know what they are talking about. Mercy is epitomised by a Man of Sorrows who, while nailed to the cross prays for those jeering at Him, “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.

Perhaps such radical mercy is a weight none of us can bear. But when we truly contemplate the fruits of such a mercy, perhaps we would at least desire the capacity for it.

No story of radical mercy has captivated me as much as that of Maria Goretti, an 11-year-old girl from a small town in Italy who died a most tragic death in 1902. Maria’s neighbour, 20-year-old Alessandro Serenelli, had developed some kind of a sick and vile desire for the girl. When Alessandro attempted to rape Maria, her resistance and insistence that she would rather die than yield to him propelled him into an unfathomable rage, which ended in him stabbing her no less than 14 times.

The only known photo of Maria Goretti

As she lay dying on the hospital bed, Maria’s last words were: “I forgive Alessandro…and I want him with me in heaven forever.

(Those words make me tremble; they echo the dying words of the Love and Mercy himself : “Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise.”)

Meanwhile, Alessandro was not immediately contrite. He was even reported to have said in court that Maria would not have died had she just given in to him. However, a few years into his prison sentence, Alessandro recounted a dream to the visiting Bishop in which Maria appeared to him and handed him 14 lilies, as if a symbolic reminder of her forgiveness for each stab wound inflicted. Profoundly moved, he began living a converted life.

Alessandro was released from prison in 1929, after serving 27 out of 30 years. After being rejected by several communities, he found lodging at a Capuchin Franciscan monastery, where he began living a quiet life working in their garden as a lay brother. Said Alessandro, “Maria’s forgiveness saved me.

On Christmas of 1934, he sought his victim’s mother, Assunta Goretti, and got on his knees to beg for her forgiveness. And imagine this: that night they attended Christmas vigil Mass together at their parish, and received Holy Communion side by side. Before the stunned congregation, Alessandro asked for God’s forgiveness and for the pardon of the community. Assunta later even adopted him as her own son. She said, “Maria has forgiven you, and surely God has forgiven you. Who am I to withhold my forgiveness?

Assunta Goretti with Alessandro Serenelli, the man who murdered her daughter.

If Maria’s mercy wasn’t miracle enough, the chain of events it precipitated surely were. An excerpt from a public letter written by Alessandro Serenelli, dated 5 May 1961:

Alessandro Serenelli before an image of Maria Goretti.

At the age of 20, I committed a crime of passion, the memory of which still horrifies me today. Maria Goretti, now a saint, was my good angel whom God placed in my path to save me. Her words both of rebuke and forgiveness are still imprinted in my heart. She prayed for me, interceding for her killer. Thirty years in prison followed. If I had not been a minor in Italian law I would have been sentenced to life in prison. Nevertheless, I accepted the sentence I received as something I deserved. Resigned, I atoned for my sin.

Little Maria was truly my light, my protectress. With her help, I served those 27 years in prison well. When society accepted me back among its members, I tried to live honestly. With angelic charity, the sons of St. Francis, the minor Capuchins of the Marches, welcomed me among them not as a servant, but as a brother. I have lived with them for 24 years. Now I look serenely to the time in which I will be admitted to the vision of God, to embrace my dear ones once again, and to be close to my guardian angel, Maria Goretti, and her dear mother, Assunta.

May all who read this letter of mine desire to follow the blessed teaching of avoiding evil and following the good. May all believe with the faith of little children that religion with its precepts is not something one can do without. Rather, it is true comfort, and the only sure way in all of life’s circumstances—even in the most painful.

The repentant murderer in his 80s

Peace and all good.
Alessandro Serenelli
Macerata, Italy
5 May 1961



Maria Goretti is one of the Catholic Church’s youngest canonised saints. She did not live to see the fruits of her mercy, and there’s no guarantee that we would see the fruits of ours in this lifetime either. But nonetheless, may the life of St. Maria Goretti, brief yet so intimately configured to the Divine Mercy of Jesus, sprout lasting fruits of mercy in our own hearts.


Almond Blossoms (1890) by Vincent van Gogh
Almond Blossoms (1890) by Vincent van Gogh

13 thoughts on “The fruits of vengeance and mercy

  1. Thanks for helping share Maria’s story of forgiveness. I think Maria gets too often used as a model of chastity–which she indeed is, but the forgiveness part it really the keystone of her story. When Christians forgive the egregious sins of their enemies, this shows the world that the incarnation of Christ truly continues in His Church. When those who call themselves Christians are too quick to resort to arms, to violence, to vengeance, then the world can hardly see His visage for our own sinful pride.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Beautiful story of Christlike living on earth. Many are the afflictions of the righteous but Father God in heaven delivers us through His mercies that endure forever! Somehow, someway, things are gong to work out for the weak in heart who think justice will prevail in a world of hate and condemnation. Let us pray for the strength and protection of the weak! Surely goodness and mercy will follow us all the days of our lives when we can see how the weak cry out saying , “I am strong, I am unmovable in the Lord!” Let there be light where darkness tries to steal, kill, and destroy the work of the Lord! Let us cry out for peace, love, and all the fruit God has in store for those who wait on the Lord, wait on laws, wait on His countenance and protection for people all over this world!

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Beautiful. I cried reading once more about Saint Maria Goretti. This was the perfect post for Divine Mercy Sunday. Thank you for writing it and posting it. God bless you! ❤️🙏

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Yes, she is the saint whose purity of heart has moved me to tears time and again. Especially when I got to be in the presence of her relics during the Year of Mercy tour around the States! A tangible reminder that she’s an actual human being capable of that much love in her earthly lifetime, and we can strive to love our enemies as she did as well. God bless you too! ❤️🙏


  4. Those were deep words you wrote, Karen, we will not see the fruits of our mercy in our lifetime. Many people hurt because they expect to. Another difficult part of faith is to leave this waiting for the fruits, to surrender it to God and get on with our lives.

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thank you for your kind words, Caitlynn! So happy to know that you’re also touched by the beautiful life and death of this wonderful saint. And yes that’s a huge demand of our faith we must strive for!

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Wonderful lesson, Karen.
    According to the Bible, vengeance is reserved to the Lord. Ultimately He is the one to mete out perfect justice as He is all-knowing and truly just, tempering His justice with mercy, but unlike some of His other attributes, His mercy is not infinite.
    Also according to the Bible, authority for the punishment of criminals rests with duly instituted governments (raised up and brought down by God for His purposes).
    For those of us who are ordinary citizens without such government authority, that doesn’t leave any wiggle room for vengeance or punishment. We are only allowed self-defense. Otherwise, our duty is to be obedient to the law without breaking God’s higher law, be a truthful witness in court, and to forgive others as we would seek to be forgiven for our wrongdoing. Forgiveness is the basis for mercy.

    Liked by 1 person

What do you think? Leave a Comment!

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s